When a lady ovulates-releasing of eggs from the ovary, the body also prepares to accommodate a baby in her womb or uterus by producing uterine wall where implantation or fertilization will take place. In the absence of a sperm cell to fertilize the egg, the uterine wall shreds off, the unfertilized eggs are all discharged from the the uterus through the vagina. The process of the removal is called Menstruation.
It’s quite common for women to go through such pain. While some occurs every month, others rarely get serious cramps.
It is reported that 84.1% of women suffer from Dysmenorrhea. The main cause is as a result of a hormone called Prostaglandins. Prostaglandins controls the formation of blood clot, blood flow, inflammation and the induction of labour. High concentration of prostaglandins causes pain.
1. Hormonal Imbalance
When the body releases a relatively high amount of Oestrogen, the uterine lining becomes abnormally thick. As a result, when it begins to break down during the menstrual cycle, this process creates more prostaglandins, resulting in higher levels of pain.
2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
This infection of the female reproductive organ is caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria. It causes pain around the pelvis or abdomen, it causes heavy bleeding during periods and painful periods.
When you have an infection or underlying, it causes severe discomfort or pain during your menstruation.
This is a condition whereby the lining of the uterus begins to grow into the muscular walls of the womb. It causes chronic pain around the pelvic region, heavy flow and pain during sexual activities.
5. Stenosis of the cervix
This is the narrowing of the cervix canal(lower part of the uterus). The opening of the cervix is small and prevents flow thereby causing pain due to the pressure built.
There are ways you can minimize the pain.
Read: How To Relieve Cramping